What Is Weight Loss Surgery? (Sleeve Gastrectomy)
Weight loss surgery is a surgical procedure for overweight people who have not achieved sufficient diet, exercise, and medication results. After the operation, there will be a significant change in the gastrointestinal system hormones that regulate hunger and blood sugar regulation.
With the stomach’s size, the patient needs less food and calories and can lose weight naturally. Because the body undergoes little stress, psychological trauma can be prevented.
How Is Weight Loss Surgery Performed?
With a weight loss surgery, 75% of the stomach is surgically removed. A large part of the stomach is surgically removed during a weight loss surgery. It is performed laparoscopically, i.e., without cutting into the abdominal wall, with special equipment in small holes.
As a result, the patient’s body is under less stress, and recovery can occur more quickly, and the patient can soon resume his daily life. A gastric sleeve, a gastric band operation, and a gastric bypass are three types of weight loss surgery.
About 75% of the stomach is permanently removed, and the remainder is connected to the intestines. This procedure is called a gastric sleeve and is irreversible. The gastric sleeve operation is performed with special surgical equipment with a camera on the end that is placed in 1.4 cm incisions. The part of the stomach that releases the ghrelin hormone, which causes a hungry feeling, is completely removed.
The best option for patients who consume too many carbohydrates and have the urge to eat frequently is weight loss surgery performed using the bypass laparoscopy method.
During this surgery, a small portion of the stomach is directly connected to the small intestine. A difference with gastric sleeve surgery is that the stomach is not entirely removed, but part is no longer used.
This method is called a silicone gastric band or gastric band. A silicone band is placed 3-4 cm below where the esophagus and stomach meet, and the stomach is divided into two.
The pouch above the stomach is small, and so when eating, this pouch and the patient fill up quickly. A difference with the gastric sleeve is that the gastric band is not irreversible. When the patient is at the desired weight, the gastric band can be removed.
Who Is Eligible For a Weight Loss Surgery?
First of all, diet, exercise, and drug treatment are applied to eliminate the causes that cause obesity.
- A weight loss surgery is applied to patients who have been unable to lose weight under the supervision of a specialist with a diet program
- A weight loss surgery is applied to patients with a BMI of 30 who also have type 2 diabetes but for whom the treatment is not successful
Will I Get Pain or Scars After a Weight Loss Surgery?
Laparoscopic (closed) gastric sleeve surgery only uses millimetric holes to see little pain and little is visible. The photo shows a patient whose wound has healed after ten days.
After a few months, these welts will also disappear almost completely. The patient can get up immediately after surgery and go home after three days. On the 7th or 8th day, he can continue his daily life and go to work.
What Are the Risks of Weight Loss Surgery?
Dumping syndrome: After weight loss surgery, food and liquids can enter the intestines very quickly. As a result, the patient may feel nauseous, sweat, become fatigued, and develop diarrhea. Sweet food is almost impossible. To avoid this, the patient should adhere to the advice of the dietician.
The skin may droop or collapse as a result of the weight loss. In that case, plastic surgery can offer a solution. That is only possible after two years when the weight loss is complete.
What Are the Benefits of Weight Loss Surgery?
- After this operation, a person heals very quickly.
- The pain is very mild after the operation.
- The risk of scars after surgery is minimal.
- The patient can be released from the hospital on the same day.
- The operation has few risks.
- Complications after surgery are rare.
- Recovery after surgery is painless.
- It is an operation that contains more technology than a classic process.
Deciding on a Weight Loss Surgery
First of all, your doctor will make a reasonable assessment of whether you are willing to lose weight, whether you will be cooperative and whether you are physically and psychologically ready for this process.
After these checks, you will discuss the benefits of the operation and the risks with your doctor.
Before surgery, your doctor may ask you to stop smoking, lose some weight, and check your blood sugar. This is only possible with your cooperation.
Preparing You For Weight Loss Surgery
Your doctor will tell you what to look out for before the operation and inform you in detail.
As with many surgical procedures, discontinue aspirin medications and blood thinners at least one week in advance. You should also eat 24-48 hours in advance, according to your doctor’s advice.
How Much Weight Can I Lose?
In the first three weeks, you will slowly and the month after you will lose weight quickly. You will have lost weight entirely in about six months, between 25-35 kilograms.
This operation has no disadvantages, even in the long run. If the patient does not adhere to his diet, weight loss can become complicated, and he may develop nutritional problems.
Can I Gain Weight Again?
Patients who do not adhere to their diet after surgery (for example, consuming high-calorie fluids, non-cooperative patients who cannot control eating) may regain the weight. For people who will not adhere to their diet, weight loss surgery is chosen instead of a “gastric sleeve.” (Success rate of 95%)
Nutrition After a Weight Loss Surgery
First of all, you should start with liquid food. After a while, solid foods can be consumed. Your doctor will decide when to switch to solid food.
Where is the Weight Loss Surgery Performed?
The weight loss surgery is being performed in Istanbul, Turkey. The procedures are carried out in fully-equipped private hospitals. In Turkey, weight loss surgery and gastric band operations are performed in a hospital where specialists from an obesity clinic are employed.
Weight Loss Surgery Prices In Turkey
You can find the prices for a weight loss surgery on our website under the heading “prices.”
The prices of a weight loss surgery in Turkey may be different from those in other countries. For example, prices in Belgium will differ from those in Turkey. The Euro exchange rate in Turkey is high. That is why a hotel, food and drink, operations, shopping are much cheaper.
Taking these factors into account, weight lost surgeries such as a gastric sleeve or gastric bypass can be performed less.